Selected Entries 2018
Sir J.J.College of Architecture| Mumbai
Researchers from the Netherlands and UK, by means of calculations for gauging flood vulnerability, have pinned down cities and civilizations planned on riverine and deltaic environments as being the most vulnerable to multiple challenges, the most hazardous being Flood risk, due to river discharge, Bank-line Erosion & Sea level rise due to climate change, apart from other disaster hazards, as a consequence of the afore-mentioned hazards as well as site geography.
Similarly endangered is Majuli, the world’s largest inhabited river island encompassed by the Brahmaputra River in Northeast India, in the disaster-prone State of Assam. The only way to reach Majuli is a two hour ferry ride from the mainland of Jorhat. Every year, the Brahmaputra floods and erodes the island, creating havoc in the life of the Majulians. Covering an area of 1325 sq km in 1917, as of today Majuli has been reduced to roughly a 300 sq km. Since 1991, 35 Majulian villages got washed away. The erosion affected communities move inwards every year and today, about 10,000 displaced households dwell in unofficial camps along embankments and PWD roads. The displaced communities rarely receive Government aid for rehabilitation and rebuilding of their makeshift bamboo homes, which in spite of being raised on stilts, get flooded at least once in 3 years, swept away by cyclonic winds, and island itself is located in close proximity to earthquake fault lines.
The thesis intent is to come up with the design for a prototype of community housing for the disaster prone river island of Majuli, that would exhibit better disaster resilience with changing climatic conditions and would capacitate the ‘to be’ inhabitants to build or rebuild their habitats by themselves.
- Modular plan:
- Designed on a grid of 1.3 by 1.3 meters, the smallest house with area of 45 sq m can be incremented to 75 sq m at the maximum.
- According to load calculations for buoyancy, 1 sq m. of live + dead + weather loading needs to be counter balanced with 0.02 cc of air to float and hence 99 sq m of the ark base has been packed with 120 airtight barrels of 200 litres capacity each, to enable the ark house to rise up to a minimum of 1.5 metres during flood.
- Local and recycled materials:
- Bamboo, rattan (a strong creeper species) and sun grass for thatch are natural materials abundantly available on site which are clubbed with materials recycled such as plastic water barrels and G.I sheets and metal pins and dowels are sourced from the mainland for building the community.
- Radial configuration:
- 8 basic ark prototypes can be clubbed in radial pattern, forming a cluster.
- One cluster, many purposes:
- By introducing an octagonal core structure to fill the void in the typical cluster, a housing cluster can be transformed into a hospital, school, etc
- Linked network:
- 26 cluster arks, in an interlinked arrangement along 1 km stretch of the embankment, act as a floating road network during flood and house 102 displacee households, a school, a hospital and an off-grid energy generation core (Mechanical energy system powered by bullock and bicycle movement)
- Reclaim and build policy:
- A typical cluster of 6 houses plus an octagonal core can be built free of cost as a pilot project from reclaimed bamboo poles (roughly 2000 nos.) as a result of 1 km stretch bamboo cutting to make embankments wider as per government proposal.
- Community Driven Reconstruction:
- Community empowerment is facilitated through bamboo farming, floating farming (composed of water hyacinth and dung rafts for food cultivation especially in waterlogged areas), building of buoyant base by the local boat makers, prefabrication of structural and infill elements and the end process of construction of one’s own home.
The aforementioned design proposal is an attempt to break away from the fortifying and resistive tendency witnessed in most architecture today through development of architectural prototypes that do not resist, but Co-exist with Nature.